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济南包装印刷公司告诉您这个行业需要解决的四大问题

来源:http://www.jindingyinshua.com   日期:2019-10-24

  在中国的印刷行业,被称为“城市工业”的包装印刷行业是近年来有发展前景的行业之一,并以10-12%的速度持续增长。然而,仔细分析中国包装印刷行业的现状后发现,济南包装印刷行业仍然存在一些亟待解决的问题,这些问题已经成为阻碍中国包装印刷行业健康发展的瓶颈。

  In China's printing industry, the packaging and printing industry, known as "urban industry", is one of the most promising industries in recent years, with a sustained growth rate of 10-12%. However, after a careful analysis of the current situation of China's packaging and printing industry, we find that there are still some problems to be solved, which have become the bottleneck hindering the healthy development of China's packaging and printing industry.
  更多的小型企业
  More small businesses
  因为包装印刷行业的投资规模相对较小,吸收劳动力的能力相对比较强,和对环境的破坏程度相对较低,所以深受许多地方政府,政策偏好和支持促进行业的发展。但从布局上看,包装印刷企业相对分散,不利于印刷行业的日常监管。从企业规模来看,沿海等发达地区的包装印刷企业规模较大,而内陆地区的包装印刷企业规模相对较小。从企业结构上看,只有少数企业有充足的货源,而大多数企业都是供不应求。由于包装印刷企业规模较小,存在层次低、重复施工等现象,很多企业没有自己的特点,高科技在这些包装印刷企业中的使用比例仍然很低。
济南包装印刷
  Because the investment scale of packaging printing industry is relatively small, the ability to absorb labor is relatively strong, and the degree of environmental damage is relatively low, it is deeply favored and supported by many local governments and policies to promote the development of the industry. However, in terms of layout, the packaging and printing enterprises are relatively scattered, which is not conducive to the daily supervision of the printing industry. From the perspective of enterprise scale, the scale of packaging and printing enterprises in developed areas such as coastal areas is large, while that in inland areas is relatively small. From the perspective of enterprise structure, only a few enterprises have sufficient supply, while most enterprises are in short supply. Due to the small scale, low level and repeated construction of packaging and printing enterprises, many enterprises do not have their own characteristics, and the proportion of high-tech used in these packaging and printing enterprises is still very low.
  劳动效率低
  Low labor efficiency
  包装印刷具有增加商品附加值、提高产品档次、促进消费的功能和作用。但与发达国家相比,我国包装印刷行业的总产值仍然很低。数据显示,目前中国印刷业总产值仅占世界印刷业总产值的4%左右,仅占全国GDP的2.5%。中国包装印刷行业的劳动效率也很低,甚至不到发达国家的十分之一。诚然,劳动效率低下是由多种因素决定的,一方面取决于企业的技术创新和改造,另一方面取决于员工素质的全面提高。但从中国包装印刷行业的实际情况来看,这需要一个相对较长的过程。
  Packaging printing has the function of increasing the added value of goods, improving the grade of products and promoting consumption. However, compared with developed countries, the total output value of China's packaging and printing industry is still very low. Data shows that at present, the total output value of China's printing industry only accounts for about 4% of the world's total output value of printing industry, only accounting for 2.5% of the national GDP. The labor efficiency of China's packaging and printing industry is also very low, even less than one tenth of that of developed countries. It is true that the low efficiency of labor is determined by many factors. On the one hand, it depends on the technological innovation and transformation of enterprises, on the other hand, it depends on the overall improvement of the quality of employees. However, from the actual situation of China's packaging and printing industry, it needs a relatively long process.
  区域发展不平衡
  Unbalanced regional development
  包装印刷业的发展离不开区域经济的发展,而区域经济的发展是由包装印刷业的特点决定的。值得注意的是,国民经济的区域发展不平衡,直接导致了我国包装印刷企业分布不均。如东部沿海地区、长三角地区、珠三角地区经济发展较快,包装印刷行业较为发达,而西部内陆地区经济发展相对落后,包装印刷行业相对落后。据中国印刷设备行业协会统计,广东、福建、浙江、上海、江苏等地的包装印刷总产值占中国包装印刷总产值的一半以上。而陕西、甘肃、宁夏、青海、内蒙古、新疆等西北地区的包装印刷总产值仅占全国的5%左右。这种现状,一是造成印刷资源的浪费;二是企业竞争力不够;第三,阻碍了包装印刷企业的发展。
  The development of packaging and printing industry is inseparable from the development of regional economy, which is determined by the characteristics of packaging and printing industry. It is worth noting that the unbalanced regional development of national economy directly leads to the uneven distribution of China's packaging and printing enterprises. For example, the eastern coastal areas, the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta have a rapid economic development, and the packaging and printing industry is relatively developed, while the economic development of the western inland areas is relatively backward, and the packaging and printing industry is relatively backward. According to the statistics of China Printing Equipment Industry Association, the total output value of packaging printing in Guangdong, Fujian, Zhejiang, Shanghai, Jiangsu and other places accounts for more than half of the total output value of packaging printing in China. However, the total output value of packaging and printing in Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang and other northwest regions only accounts for about 5% of the whole country. This situation, first, causes the waste of printing resources; second, the lack of competitiveness of enterprises; third, hinders the development of packaging and printing enterprises.
  装置极化
  Device polarization
  目前,我国包装印刷行业设备水平参差不齐,明显形成了“两极分化”:即市场上有各种高速、、世界领先的进口印刷机,也有各种低技术、低质量的印刷设备。特别是大多数中小型包装印刷企业,由于资金缺乏,大多使用中低档印刷设备。许多包装印刷企业购买二手进口印刷设备,而许多小型企业使用老式印刷机。印后工艺生产设备也相对落后,部分印刷设备几乎老化。与这些中小企业相比,一些大型包装印刷企业的设备较为先进,其设备功能齐全,自动化程度高,性能稳定,能够印刷各种包装印刷产品。这一弱一强的现状,表明我国包装印刷行业整体实力不足。因此,面对未来,行业应以科学发展的精神,努力解决这四个问题,促进我国包装印刷行业的健康发展。
  At present, the level of equipment in China's packaging and printing industry is uneven, which has obviously formed a "polarization": that is, there are all kinds of high-speed, high-end, world leading imported printing machines in the market, as well as all kinds of low-tech, low-quality printing equipment. In particular, most small and medium-sized packaging printing enterprises, due to lack of funds, mostly use low-grade printing equipment. Many packaging and printing enterprises buy second-hand imported printing equipment, while many small enterprises use old-fashioned printing machines. Post press technology production equipment is relatively backward, some of the printing equipment is almost aging. Compared with these small and medium-sized enterprises, some large-scale packaging and printing enterprises have advanced equipment, which has complete functions, high degree of automation, stable performance and can print various high-end packaging and printing products. This weak and strong situation shows that the overall strength of China's packaging and printing industry is insufficient. Therefore, facing the future, the industry should strive to solve these four problems in the spirit of scientific development, and promote the healthy development of China's packaging and printing industry.
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