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绿色印刷的含义及发展趋势

来源:http://www.jindingyinshua.com   日期:2019-08-14

绿色印刷是指与环境谐和的印刷,包括绿色印刷资料的运用、清洁的印刷消费过程、印品对用户的无害性,以及印品的回收处置和可循环应用。也就是说,印品从原资料选择、消费、运用、回收等整个过程均应契合环保的请求。绿色印刷还应具有以下特征:

Green printing refers to the printing with harmony with the environment, including the use of green printing materials, the clean process of printing consumption, the harmlessness of printing products to users, and the recycling and disposal of printing products and recyclable applications. That is to say, the whole process of printing material selection, consumption, utilization and recycling should meet the requirements of environmental protection. Green printing should also have the following characteristics:
(1)从其目的来看,它应有利于维护自然资源,力图做到对生态环境无害或者损伤小;
(1) From the point of view of its purpose, it should be conducive to the maintenance of natural resources, and strive to achieve harmless or less damage to the ecological environment;
(2)从消费本钱来看,它不只包括传统的资料本钱,更要包括由印刷行为形成的环境污染所惹起的额外本钱,即生态代价;
(2) From the point of view of consumption cost, it includes not only the traditional material cost, but also the extra cost caused by environmental pollution caused by printing behavior, that is, the ecological cost.
(3)从作用过程来看,它贯串于印品的构成及运用的整个过程,不但消费出的产品是绿色的,消费者的工作环境也应是绿色的,以前我国印刷行业对这一方面的关注较少。
(3) From the point of view of the function process, it runs through the whole process of the composition and application of printing products. Not only the products consumed are green, but also the working environment of consumers should be green. Printing industry in China paid less attention to this aspect before.
(4)它是一个动态的概念,随着科技的进步,对环保的请求也日益进步,绿色印刷所要到达的规范要跟上时期对工业消费的请求。
(4) It is a dynamic concept. With the progress of science and technology, the demand for environmental protection is also increasing. The standard of green printing should keep up with the demand for industrial consumption in the period.
济南画册印刷
绿色印刷的开展现状
Development Status of Green Printing
近几十年来,我国印刷行业获得了令人注目的成就,但与兴旺国度相比,还存在一定的差距,特别表如今先进的印刷技术和印刷设备的应用水平、印刷设计形式及观念等方面。在绿色印刷方面,许多国度都在积极地朝着国际环保组织请求的方向努力,相比之下,我国在这方面又滞后了一步,存在下列问题。
In recent decades, China's printing industry has made remarkable achievements, but compared with the prosperous countries, there are still some gaps, especially in the application level of advanced printing technology and printing equipment, printing design forms and concepts. In the field of green printing, many countries are actively working towards the request of international environmental protection organizations. In contrast, China has lagged behind in this respect. There are the following problems.
(1)虽然近几年人们的环保认识普遍加强,印刷行业对绿色印刷的认识较前几年有了很大进步,但是由于种种缘由,多数印刷企业还缺乏事必躬亲的勇气,谈得多,做得少,效果不好。
(1) Although people's awareness of environmental protection has been generally strengthened in recent years, and the understanding of green printing in the printing industry has made great progress compared with previous years, due to various reasons, most printing enterprises still lack the courage to do everything first-hand, talk much, do little, and the effect is not good.
(2)一些与包装印刷相关的国度环境规范大都是引荐性规范,并不强迫执行。
(2) Some national environmental norms related to packaging and printing are mostly recommendatory norms, which are not enforced.
(3)印刷行业具有一定的特殊性,消费中运用的辅助资料十分多,寻觅和扫除污染源十分艰难。而且,辅助资料供给商的环保认识以及资料的环保水平也直接影响着绿色印刷工作的展开。
(3) Printing industry has its own particularity. There are many auxiliary materials used in consumption, so it is very difficult to find and clean up pollution sources. Moreover, the environmental awareness of the supplier of auxiliary information and the level of environmental protection of information also directly affect the development of green printing.
(4)我国印刷行业曾经进入微利时期,中小型印刷企业很难接受实行绿色印刷带来的额外投资本钱。
(4) China's printing industry has entered a period of low profit. It is difficult for small and medium-sized printing enterprises to accept the extra investment cost brought by green printing.